Context: Mark asks Baljeet about whether he knows his friend Tim. [click on image to hear dialogue]
मार्क - बलजीत जी, क्या तुम मेरे दोस्त टिम को जानते हो?
बलजीत - ज़रूर, मैं अच्छी तरह से उसे जानता हूँ, वह आज भी यहाँ था।
मार्क - मैं नहीं जानता था, यह कब की बात थी?
बलजीत - वह सात बजे तक यहाँ था। मैं समझता हूँ कि वह फ़िल्म देखने जा रहा था।
मार्क - उसके साथ रीता थी? वह एक लम्बी दुबली-पतली भारतीय औरत है।
बलजीत - हाँ जी, मैं उसका नाम नहीं जानता लेकिन मैं उसकी दोस्त को पहचानता हूँ।
Mark - Mr Baljeet, do you know my friend Tim?
Baljeet - Certainly, I know him well, he was here today as well.
Mark - I did not know, when was that?
Baljeet - He was here till seven o'clock. I think he was going to see a film.
Mark - Was Rita with him? She is a tall and slender Indian woman.
Baljeet - Yes sir, I don't know her name, but I recognise his friend
To talk about knowing a skill you can use जानना to know. For instance:
When you are talking about people, you have to say that you know ‘to’ them.
Sometimes in English when we say we know somebody we actually mean we recognise them, in Hindi पहचानना and in Hindi you recognise को ‘to’ somebody.
We also sometimes use know in relation to understanding, which in Hindi is समझना to understand, and in Hindi what is known is marked by को.
मानना to believe, know, regard, consider, also in some contexts relates to the idea of knowing and again that which is known is marked by को.
Later we will learn how to say I know a skill or how to do something.
अच्छी तरह से adv. well, 'in a good manner'
जानना vi. to know; ~ को जानना ~, to know ~
समझना vi./vt. to understand, know, consider; ~ को समझना ~, to understand ~; vt. takes ने if object is mentioned
दुबला-पतला adj. thin and slender (or according to context also thin and emaciated)
बनाना vt. to make
पहचानना vt. to recognise; ~ को पहचानना ~, to recognise ~
विषय nm. subject, topic, issue
महत्त्वपूर्ण adj. important (Urdu अहम, common ख़ास)
मानना vt. to believe, know, regard, consider; ~ को मानना ~, to believe ~
धर्म nm. faith, belief, religion